Can Paper Plates Go in the Microwave Safely?

Most paper plates are not recommended for going microwave. Only it meets the following four requirements are eligible: microwave-penetrable, uncoated, and unpatterned, no plastic.

How do microwave ovens work?

To understand if can paper plates go in the microwave, we must first know how microwaves work and what materials can’t handle the heat.

By understanding this, we can make a preliminary judgment based on whether the paper tray contains these materials.

Microwave ovens function with an electron tube called a magnetron; it bounces off the metal inside the oven, and the food absorbs it. Microwaves cause water molecules in the food to vibrate, creating heat to cook the food.

Microwaves can safely penetrate plastic glass and ceramics to transfer heat to the food without heating the food container. Therefore, glass and ceramics are perfectly safe in a microwave oven. Some plastic products can also go in the microwave, but they must be specifically labeled as microwave safe.

What can’t go in the microwave?


Certain types of Styrofoam are safe for microwaves, but they must be labeled microwave safe. If you do not see the microwave safety label or are unsure what foam you are using, it’s best not to put it in the microwave.


As a rule, anything made of or containing steel, iron, copper, or other aluminum foils should not go in the microwave. These metal materials can reflect microwaves, which can cause food to cook unevenly, produce excessive heat inside the device, damage the oven, and even start a fire.


Plastic cutlery and plates are some of those most commonly sold in stores. Microwaving can be harmful because plastic can melt during the heating of the food; this can cause residue and toxic chemicals to mix with it.

Can paper plates go in the microwave?

Some paper plates are microwave safe, but not all of them. You should also recognize and follow the food and plate manufacturers’ instructions for microwaving paper plates and be cautious when reheating food.

Whether a type of paper plate can go in the microwave depends on what your plate contains. Different materials, and additives, such as wax and glue, can impact the unique properties of paper plates and whether they can go in the microwave safely. Even some paper takeout boxes have metal handles or aluminum foil, which poses a safety hazard if heated in the microwave.

Different paper plate materials

The term paper plate refers to any disposable food container created with either paper or paper board. These plates usually range from about 8 to 12 inches in diameter.

The most commonly used material for making paper plates is paper pulp, made into a paper plate through hot pressing and disinfection measures. Paper pulp is also produced from different raw materials such as:

  • Bamboo fiber
  • Wood fiber
  • Vegetable fiber, such as cornstarch
  • Palm leaves
  • Agricultural products, such as bagasse
  • Bioplastics, like PLA & CPLA

In addition to using different raw materials to produce paper plates, manufacturers often add different mixtures, including waxes, PFAS coatings, and even low-cost plastics. These can’t be heated in the microwave because they can melt at high temperatures and leach dangerous chemicals into the food.

How do I know if the paper plate is microwave safe?

  • Check for microwave safety labels printed on paper plates and packages
  • Carefully check the instructions on the paper plate and any hazards listed
  • Avoid pattern printing; microwave heating will melt them into ink
  • Check the plate’s ingredients for coating or plastic

You can also try a simple test to see if a plate can tolerate microwave heating.

  1. Put a few fresh vegetable leaves on a paper plate.
  2. Place it in the microwave and set on high power for 1 minute.
  3. When the time is up, open the microwave.
  4. You may find that vegetables have become dehydrated.
  5. Touch the edges of the paper plate carefully. If it is overly hot, microwave heating is not ideal for this plate.

How it works?

Microwaves penetrate food containers and cause water molecules in the food to vibrate, creating heat. A small number of heated vegetables may transfer some heat to the paper plate, but not enough to overheat the edges of the paper plate.

If your fingers feel the high temperature after touching the edges, it means the microwave has also heated the paper plate, indicating that it’s not microwave-safe.
On the contrary, if the microwave did not overheat the paper plate, it is safe to put it in the microwave oven.

Are microwavable paper plates toxic?

Hopefully, you now know whether your plates are safely microwavable. Food safety knowledge is vital, particularly for those with a baby at home. Waxes, coatings, and patterns, such as popular Christmas patterns, can all melt in the heat and produce harmful chemicals that can impair your and your child’s health.

Paper plates are part of a particular product and industry that come into contact with food, which requires them to either be safe or visibly marked as dangerous.


In addition to these dangerous components, some manufacturers add excessive PFAS coating to promote the waterproof and oil-proof performance of paper plates.

PFAS is a series of synthetic organic fluoride often used in the manufacture of waterproof, oil-proof, and other conditions of daily necessities. When heated at high temperatures, PFAS coating may produce carcinogens, which can cause cancer. 

Want to purchase PFAS Free Paper Plates?


Paper plates are widely used, especially on holidays such as Thanksgiving and Christmas, weddings, and parties. Christmas patterns, in particular, are popular with consumers. So, can these printed paper plates go in the microwave?

We do not recommend that. Paper plate patterns commonly printed with ink easily mix with food at high temperatures.

So, even for paper plates labeled microwave-safe, we advise you not to put coated, patterned, and colorful plates in the microwave.

Can the paper takeout container be microwaved?

Takeout boxes, some of the largest food containers, are widely used as paper plates. Sometimes, to save time, you need put takeout containers with food in the microwave.

Can the takeout container be heated in the microwave? For paper takeout boxes, the same factors apply as that of a paper plate.

One caveat here is that a small percentage of self-locking takeout boxes on the market may carry aluminum foil. As mentioned, aluminum foil can pose unexpected dangers when heated in the microwave, so check your takeout box carefully for metal objects before heating it. The risks may outweigh the benefits.

How long can paper plates stay in the microwave?

Always make sure your paper plate is microwaveable first, and as a general rule, don’t put a paper plate in the microwave for too long. The primary function of the plate is to serve as a container for food, not cooking.

If you need to turn potatoes into crispy potato chips, please use professional cookware, such as an oven or frier.

Final thoughts

Can Paper Plates Go in the Microwave Safely?

As a paper plate manufacturer, our answer is that most paper plates are not microwave safe. Microwavable paper plates need to meet more stringent conditions:

  1. Whether the paper plate has a microwave safety mark.
  2. For safety, never microwave plates with coating or print on them.
  3. Check the list of ingredients on paper plates, looking for those free of dangerous chemicals and plastics that dissolve at high temperatures.
  4. Heating time should not be too long and it is best to stay within 2 minutes.
  5. No metal materials.
  6. Strictly follow microwave oven safety instructions and tips

In some cases, packaging that you purchasing paper plates does not indicate whether it is microwave-safe. It can be difficult to know what materials and additives plates have.

As a simple but effective rule, if you’re not sure whether the paper plates are microwavable, then don’t microwave them.


We are specialized in biodegradable disposable tableware manufacturing from 2010. If any questions, please feel free to send to us, we will do our best to solve your problem.

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